The Mayor of Newport knew that something was brewing
In the days before the Rising, the authorities asked for troops to be moved into the town to support the police and the Special Constables.
In October 1839 Captain Stack and 70 infantrymen of the 45th Regiment were stationed in the new workhouse.
As the Chartists passed the Stow Hill turnpike on the morning of 4 November, they could see soldiers on guard at their makeshift barracks.
What they did not know was that 30 soldiers had been moved earlier that morning to protect the Westgate Hotel.
Following the Rising, the workhouse acted as both prison camp and hospital.